Electronic Effects in Organic Chemistry

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For example-. So, it is stronger acid. So, it is less acidic than trichloro ethanoic acid,.

It is also a permanent effect. It also transmits along a chain of carbon atoms similar to inductive effect. This gives the following structure. The mesomeric effect is represented by a curved arrow.

For example - Cl, -Br, OH etc. Electromagnetic effect refers to the polarity produced in a multiple bonded compound as it is approached by a reagent electrophile or nucleophile. The electrometric effect is represented as -.

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The curved arrow shows the displacement of the electron pair. The atom A has lost its share in the electron pair and B has gained this share. As a result, A acquires a positive charge and B gains a negative charge. Thus, the electrometric effect is a temporary effect. It takes place only in the presence of a reagent. Universal Chemistry XI.

Electronic Effects in Organic Chemistry | SpringerLink

Kathmandu: Oasis Publication, Kathmandu: Vidyarthi Pustak Bhandar, Those atoms or group which draws electrons away from a carbon atom are said to have a -M effect. Electromagnetic effect refers to the polarity produced in a multiple bonded compound as it is approached by a reagent electrophile or nucleophile ,. Take test again.


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